Welcome back! This podcast is for day number 3 in the Digging Deeper Daily reading plan. You have clicked on number 3 in the NE series, which means we will read from the N.E.T. Bible. This is the plain-numbered podcast that includes the Bible readings, and there is an episode with the same name but with the letter C tacked on. That episode contains my Comments on the readings you will hear right away.
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The Scripture texts quoted are from the NET Bible®, which can be found at http://netbible.org. The copyright© dates are from 1996 to 2016, and the NET text is used by permission of Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C. All rights reserved.
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In chapter 3 of Genesis, the Lord gave his judgment against the serpent. When speaking to the serpent, God talked about the woman’s offspring (which is a collective singular noun, literally ‘seed’), and said,
Genesis 3:15 And I will put hostility between you and the woman
and between your offspring and her offspring;
her offspring will attack your head,
and you will attack her offspring’s heel.
This is the very first prophecy looking forward to a Messiah and Redeemer who will crush Satan’s head. Just before that, there is another picture worth noting: God provided clothes for the man and woman made from animal skins. This is the first hint of the sacrificial system that prefigures Christ.
Today we read Job’s first speech. In the Bible— and especially in Job and the Psalms, we find out that God thoroughly understands and takes into account the fact that humans suffer. This is shown in the fact that such deep expressions of suffering are found in God’s Word— right from the earliest poetic writings.
Yesterday in the second half of Mark 1, we read of Jesus miraculously healing people in Capernaum, and his refusing to stay only there. He preached and cast out demons all over the region of Galilee. The healing of the man with leprosy is notable because of the exchange between Jesus and that man, and also the results of the man not following Jesus’ instructions.
NET translation notes:
Genesis 5:1-2 NET This is the record of the family line of Adam. When God created [mankind//humankind], he made them in the likeness of God. He created them male and female; when they were created, he blessed them and named them “[mankind//humankind].”
Gen. 6 and all through the Bible: I have decided to read ‘mankind’ and not ‘humankind’. I think changing the English language for this word is going too far in the cause of gender sensitivity.
Gen. 6:3 [CEV Then the Lord said, “I won't let my life-giving breath remain in anyone forever. No one will live for more than one hundred twenty years.”// NET So the Lord said, “My spirit will not remain in humankind indefinitely, since they are mortal. They will remain for 120 more years.”
Genesis 6:4 The Nephilim were on the earth in those days (and also after this) when the sons of God were having sexual relations with the daughters of humankind, who gave birth to their children. They [(those children)] were the mighty heroes of old, the famous men.
Job 3:8 [CEV Let those with magic powers place a curse on that day.//NET Let those who curse the day curse it –
those who are prepared to rouse Leviathan.]
Job 3:17 NET There[— in the grave] the wicked cease from turmoil, and there the weary are at rest.
Job 3:13 NET For now[— if I had died,] I would be lying down and would be quiet, I would be asleep and then at peace
Job 3:22 [NLT96 It is a blessed relief when they finally die, when they find the grave.//NET who rejoice even to jubilation,
and are exultant when they find the grave?]
Mark 2:5 [PET 5 Jesus could see that the men fully believed that he had power to heal the paralyzed man. Jesus said to the man lying before him, “Young man, I forgive your sins.”*
Footnote 2:5 I forgive your sins This is a divine passive and can either be translated as in either present or past tense. It seems better to not use passive in English, because this helps the reader take Jesus' statement in the same way that his critics understood him in verses 6-7.
//NET When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, “Son, your sins are forgiven.”]
Mark 2:8 [PET 8 Right away Jesus knew just what they were thinking, so he confronted them saying,, “So what's behind the way you are criticising me in your hearts right now?!//NET Now immediately, when Jesus realized in his spirit that they were contemplating such thoughts, he said to them, “Why are you thinking such things in your hearts?]
Mark 2:9 [PET In the case of this paralyzed man, I don't think you'll find it easy to accept anything I could say!* You're not happy that I told him, ‘I forgive your sins.’ It will be just as hard for you to accept if I say to him, ‘Get up, pick up your mat and go home’!
Footnote 2:9 In the case … Literally Jesus used a rhetorical question, “Which is easier, to say …” Note that Jesus started speaking to them with the rhetorical question in verse 8, and added another one here. Neither question is meant to be answered. Here Jesus' questions function to both rebuke and teach. By asking “Which is easier to say,” he is of course not talking about the relative difficulty of pronouncing words, but of the kind of reaction that the words will have.
//NET Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Stand up, take your stretcher, and walk’?]
Mark 2:10 [PET But now, in order to prove to you that I, as the Son of Man,* have the right to forgive people’s sins, hear this!” Then Jesus turned to the paralyzed man and said,
Footnote 2:10 Son of Man Jesus often spoke of himself “Son of Man.” This term, which Mark literally translates in Greek, really is an idiom from the Hebrew Old Testament. In Hebrew, ‘son of man’ means ‘normal human being’. Jesus called Himself that to remind his listeners about what the Prophet Daniel had witnessed in a vision of the King of Salvation. (Dan. 7:13-14) Daniel saw Jesus in heaven in the form of a ‘son of man’, meaning in the form of a ‘normal human being’, when God appointed him King over everything. Note that when Jesus speaks of himself in the third person in Greek, this translation will always make it clear that he is speaking about himself.
//NET But so that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins,” – he said to the paralytic –
Mark 2:14 NET As he went along, he saw [Matthew— whose other name was] Levi, the son of Alphaeus, sitting at [his//the] tax booth. “Follow me,” he said to him. And he got up and followed him.
Mark 2:15 [PET 15 Later Jesus and his disciples were having dinner at Matthew’s house. Matthew’s fellow tax officials, and other people who were also considered to be sinners,* were eating there. At that time, many such people often followed Jesus.
*2:15 also considered to be sinners All tax collectors were considered to be sinners. See the footnote for verse 14.
//NET As Jesus was having a meal in Levi’s home, many tax collectors and sinners were eating with Jesus and his disciples, for there were many who followed him. Now John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting. So they came to Jesus and said, “Why do the disciples of John and the disciples of the Pharisees fast, but your disciples don’t fast?”
Mark 2:18 [PET On another day, John the Baptist’s disciples were following the Jewish tradition of fasting.* The sect of the Pharisees were also doing this. So some people came to Jesus and said, “John's disciples often abstain from eating. The Pharisees also do the same. Why don't your disciples?”
*2:18 Jewish tradition … The original instructions in the Torah say to “humble yourselves/deny yourselves” on certain high holy days like the Day of Atonement (Lev. 23:27, 29; 32), and the way the Jews did this was to abstain from eating. But devout Jewish Rabbis extended this practice to a regular fast on Tuesdays and Fridays. The original purpose of denying or humbling themselves before God was to express sorrow for sins and seek God's favor.
//NET Now John’s disciples and the Pharisees were fasting. So they came to Jesus and said, “Why do the disciples of John and the disciples of the Pharisees fast, but your disciples don’t fast?”
[The translation should not give the impression that the two groups were joining together to fast.]
Mark 2:27 [PET Then Jesus added, “God gave the command about the Sabbath day in order to benefit people, not to make people slaves of the Sabbath day!
//NET Then he said to them, “The Sabbath was made for people, not people for the Sabbath.
Mark 2:28 NET [So I,//For this reason] the Son of Man [am//is] Lord[,] even of the Sabbath.”